Over the last few years, the Wikimedia Foundation has been working towards enabling HTTPS by default for all users, including unregistered ones, for better privacy and security for both readers and editors. The app runs flawlessly on Android 2. Please inform other users about these changes. April 29th, Starring: What song symbolizes your 30 years on stage and all the labor behind the scenes? Excise duties are taxes on con-. The "edit" link will be positioned adjacent to the page header text rather than floating opposite it.
If you can't make it, you can also get help at mw: If you'd like to learn about this kind of events earlier in advance, consider becoming a Tech ambassador by subscribing to the mailing list. You will also be able to help your fellow Wikimedians have a voice in technical discussions and be notified of important decisions.
Guillaume Paumier , via the Global message delivery system. The tool would allow to record and add audio pronunciations to Wiktionary entries while browsing them see background discussion on Wiktionary-l.
Please read and comment the proposal! Please also consider translating the proposal. There is a new request for comment on Meta-Wiki concerning the removal of administrative rights from long-term inactive Wikimedians. Generally, this proposal from stewards would apply to wikis without an administrators' review process.
We are also compiling a list of projects with procedures for removing inactive administrators on the talk page of the request for comment. Feel free to add your project s to the list if you have a policy on administrator inactivity.
All input is appreciated. The discussion may close as soon as 21 May , but this will be extended if needed. Thanks, Billinghurst thanks to all the translators! Some accounts will soon be renamed due to a technical change that the developer team at Wikimedia are making.
More details on Meta. Distributed via global message delivery The default position of the "edit" link in page section headers is going to change soon. The "edit" link will be positioned adjacent to the page header text rather than floating opposite it.
Section edit links will be to the immediate right of section titles, instead of on the far right. If you're an editor of one of the wikis which already implemented this change, nothing will substantially change for you; however, scripts and gadgets depending on the previous implementation of section edit links will have to be adjusted to continue working; however, nothing else should break even if they are not updated in time.
Detailed information and a timeline is available on meta. Ideas to do this all the way to at least. It is often difficult to track which of several potential section edit links on the far right is associated with the correct section, and many readers and anonymous or new editors may even be failing to notice section edit links at all, since they read section titles, which are far away from the links.
If you want to continue to receive the next issues every week , please subscribe to the newsletter. You can subscribe your personal talk page and a community page like this one. The newsletter can be translated into your language.
Hi, apologies for posting this in English, but I wanted to alert your community to a discussion on Meta about potential changes to the Wikimedia Trademark Policy.
Please translate this statement if you can. Please see the Trademark practices discussion on Meta-Wiki for more information. Sorry for writing in English. You can translate the proposal. Your input is strongly encouraged. Voice your input here. The ULS provides a flexible way to configure and deliver language settings like interface language, fonts, and input methods keyboard mappings.
Making it available here is the last phase of making ULS available on all Wikimedia wikis. Please read the announcement on Meta-Wiki for more information. Hello, Sorry for English but It's very important for bot operators so I hope someone translates this. Pywikipedia is migrating to Git so after July 26, SVN checkouts won't be updated If you're using Pywikipedia you have to switch to git, otherwise you will use out-dated framework and your bot might not work properly.
There is a manual for doing that and a blog post explaining about this change in non-technical language. If you have question feel free to ask in mw: Best Amir via Global message delivery. HTTPS brings better security and improves your privacy. More information is available at m: If you can't use the other methods, you can also send an e-mail to https wikimedia.
Greg Grossmeier via the Global message delivery system. If you can, please help to translate this for other members of your community. The legal team at the Wikimedia Foundation would greatly appreciate your input on the best way to manage the "community logo" pictured here to best balance protection of the projects with community support.
Your input would be invaluable in helping guide them in how best to serve our mission. Notifications will inform users about new activity that affects them on this wiki in a unified way: The Wikimedia Foundation's editor engagement team developed this tool code-named 'Echo' earlier this year, to help users contribute more productively to MediaWiki projects.
We're now getting ready to bring Notifications to almost all other Wikimedia sites, and are aiming for a 22 October deployment, as outlined in this release plan. It is important that notifications is translated for all of the languages we serve. Please let us know if you have any questions, suggestions or comments about this new tool. For more information, visit this project hub and this help page. Keegan WMF talk Please join the consultation about the Community logo that represents Meta-Wiki: This community consultation was commenced on September The following day, two individuals filed a legal opposition against the registration of the Community logo.
The question is whether the Wikimedia Foundation should seek a collective membership mark with respect to this logo or abandon its registration and protection of the trademark. We want to make sure that everyone get a chance to speak up so that we can get clear direction from the community. We would therefore really appreciate the community's help in translating this announcement from English so that everyone is able to understand it. We would like to let you know about Beta Features , a new program from the Wikimedia Foundation that lets you try out new features before they are released for everyone.
Think of it as a digital laboratory where community members can preview upcoming software and give feedback to help improve them. This special preference page lets designers and engineers experiment with new features on a broad scale, but in a way that's not disruptive. Beta Features is now ready for testing on MediaWiki. Based on test results, the plan is to release it on all wikis worldwide on 21 November, Would you like to try out Beta Features now?
After you log in on MediaWiki. Click on it to see features you can test, check the ones you want, then click 'Save'. Learn more on the Beta Features page. After you've tested Beta Features, please let the developers know what you think on this discussion page -- or report any bugs here on Bugzilla. Along with other developers, they will be adding new features to this experimental program every few weeks. They are very grateful to all the community members who helped create this project — and look forward to many more productive collaborations in the future.
Enjoy, and don't forget to let developers know what you think! The Wikimedia legal team invites you to participate in the development of the new Wikimedia trademark policy. The current trademark policy was introduced in to protect the Wikimedia marks. We are now updating this policy to better balance permissive use of the marks with the legal requirements for preserving them for the community. The new draft trademark policy is ready for your review here , and we encourage you to discuss it here.
We would appreciate if someone would translate this message into your language so more members of your community can contribute to the conversation. I apologize for this message being only in English. Please translate it if needed to help your community. The Wikimedia Foundation's multimedia team seeks community guidance on a proposal to support the MP4 video format.
This digital video standard is used widely around the world to record, edit and watch videos on mobile phones, desktop computers and home video devices. It is also known as H. Supporting the MP4 format would make it much easier for our users to view and contribute video on Wikipedia and Wikimedia projects -- and video files could be offered in dual formats on our sites, so we could continue to support current open formats WebM and Ogg Theora.
However, MP4 is a patent-encumbered format, and using a proprietary format would be a departure from our current practice of only supporting open formats on our sites -- even though the licenses appear to have acceptable legal terms, with only a small fee required. We would appreciate your guidance on whether or not to support MP4.
Please join this RfC -- and share your advice. All users are welcome to participate, whether you are active on Commons, Wikipedia, other Wikimedia project -- or any site that uses content from our free media repository. We look forward to a constructive discussion with you, so we can make a more informed decision together on this important topic. A new preference was added for logged-in users to turn on ULS.
This was done to prevent slow loading of pages due to ULS webfonts, a behaviour that had been observed by the Wikimedia Technical Operations team on some wikis. We are now ready to enable ULS again. The temporary preference to enable ULS will be removed. This will be unchecked by default for this wiki, but can be selected at any time by the users to enable webfonts. This is an interim solution while we improve the feature of webfonts delivery. You can read the announcement and the development plan for more information.
Individual Engagement Grants from the Wikimedia Foundation help support individuals and small teams to organize experiments for 6 months. Proposals are due by 31 March There are a number of ways to get involved! This week, the typography on Wikimedia sites will be updated for all readers and editors who use the default "Vector" skin. This change will involve new serif fonts for some headings, small tweaks to body content fonts, text size, text color, and spacing between elements.
This change is very similar to the "Typography Update" Beta Feature that has been available on Wikimedia projects since November After several rounds of testing and with feedback from the community, this Beta Feature will be disabled and successful aspects enabled in the default site appearance. Users who are logged in may still choose to use another skin, or alter their personal CSS , if they prefer a different appearance. Local common CSS styles will also apply as normal, for issues with local styles and scripts that impact all users.
This message was delivered based on commons: I wanted to let you know that Media Viewer will be released to this wiki in the coming weeks. Media Viewer allows readers of Wikimedia projects to have an enhanced view of files without having to visit the file page, but with more detail than a thumbnail.
You can try Media Viewer out now by turning it on in your Beta Features. If you do not enjoy Media Viewer or if it interferes with your work after it is turned on you will be able to disable Media Viewer as well in your preferences. I invite you to share what you think about Media Viewer and how it can be made better in the future. Thank you for your time. Was there an error? I propose to have. All registered users can upload on Commons and existing files will not be affected.
The Wikimedia Foundation's Multimedia team is happy to announce that Media Viewer was just released on this site today. Media Viewer displays images in larger size when you click on their thumbnails, to provide a better viewing experience. Users can now view images faster and more clearly, without having to jump to separate pages — and its user interface is more intuitive, offering easy access to full-resolution images and information, with links to the file repository for editing.
The tool has been tested extensively across all Wikimedia wikis over the past six months as a Beta Feature and has been released to the largest Wikipedias, all language Wikisources, and the English Wikivoyage already. If you do not like this feature, you can easily turn it off by clicking on "Disable Media Viewer" at the bottom of the screen, pulling up the information panel or in your your preferences whether you have an account or not. Learn more in this Media Viewer Help page.
Please let us know if you have any questions or comments about Media Viewer. You are invited to share your feedback in this discussion on MediaWiki. We hope you enjoy Media Viewer. Many thanks to all the community members who helped make it possible.
Why don't articles include stress marks? In a dictionary, people expect to find how the word is pronounced, but alas, Bulgarian Wiktionary unlike English and Russian doesn't help with this at all. Bulgarian doesn't have fixed stress, so it's important that it be indicated in dictionaries. The Wikimedia Foundation recently created a new feature, "superprotect" status.
The purpose is to prevent pages from being edited by elected administrators -- but permitting WMF staff to edit them. It has been put to use in only one case: If you oppose these actions, please add your name to this letter.
If you know non-Wikimedians who support our vision for the free sharing of knowledge, and would like to add their names to the list, please ask them to sign an identical version of the letter on change. I am notifying you that a brainstorming session has been started on Meta to help the Wikimedia Foundation increase and better affect community participation in software development across all wiki projects. Basically, how can you be more involved in helping to create features on Wikimedia projects?
We are inviting all interested users to voice their ideas on how communities can be more involved and informed in the product development process at the Wikimedia Foundation. It would be very appreciated if you could translate this message to help inform your local communities as well. I and the rest of my team welcome you to participate. We hope to see you on Meta.
Kind regards, -- Rdicerb WMF talk The Individual Engagement Grants program is accepting proposals for funding new experiments from September 1st to 30th. Your idea could improve Wikimedia projects with a new tool or gadget, a better process to support community-building on your wiki, research on an important issue, or something else we haven't thought of yet. The process involves changing all rename processes into one global renaming process.
The ability for local bureaucrats to rename users on this wiki will be turned off on Monday, 15 September , as one of the first steps. Global renamers are in the process of being created to make sure projects and languages are represented by the time this occurs. I sent a note to every bureaucrat about this process three weeks ago with an invitation to participate and many have begun requesting to be a part of the group. By the end of the amount was nearly USD 12 trillion and by the end of was rendered to 7 trillion.
This was felt even in Switzerland, where the basic level for private banking services was reduced to CHF , while in mid was at least 1 million. Despite crisis big players had very impressive results in Credit Suisse reported over USD 44 billion net worth.
After the financial turmoil in last two years the international private bankers learned quickly and skillfully to adapt to rapidly changing financial environment. In post crisis period the main factors in private banking — trust and quality customer service, have become more important than ever.
But planning of the investment strategies is difficult because they are subject to uncertainty. Estimates for the global environment are highly polarized, which puts private banking units even upon greater future tests.
How Will You Bank in the Future? As the Baby Boomers head off into retirement, banks will begin prizing their Gen Y customers even more because as a group they will outearn both Gen X and the Boomers within the next 10 years.
This means this group—currently aged 12 to 32 years old—will shape the products banks are offering their customers, said Mark Schwanhausser, an analyst at Javelin Strategy and Research. Schwanhausser was part of a team at Javelin looking at the banking habits of Gen Y members 18 and older. About 43 percent of the age group has an account with these banks, while 25 percent uses larger regional banks.
Gen Y wants online and mobile bill payment and account management as well as access to a large network of ATM machines. Javelin's research suggests banks will save a lot of money shifting these customers to less expensive electronic channels to manage their money. Fortunately this is already occurring. More than one in four Gen Y consumers used mobile banking in the past month, compared with 18 percent of all consumers.
They also use this service more frequently than the average customer. However there is a downside. This group doesn't have a stellar reputation for how they manage their finances. For example, a large number of Gen Y consumers have never balanced. Instead they monitor their accounts online to manage their finances, and 25 percent say they do not manage their finances at all. Schwanhausser said there is a big opportunity for banks to teach these customers how to watch their money to make sure they the pay their bills on time and establish good habits such as saving for emergencies and retirement.
Bulgaria is attractive as part of the regional market Depending on how the question of the second nuclear power plant is resolved, foreign investors will make their conclusions as to whether Bulgaria acts within the common rules and policies of the EU and to what extent there is a transparent decision making process, the executive director of the American Chamber of Commerce in Bulgaria AmCham told the b2b Magazine.
Businessmen say they do not expect to be a year of stormy investment for Bulgaria. What do US companies think? A very interesting question — whether a year is a stormy one or not investment-wise.
Yet we do not know it for sure since there are signs of pulling out from the crisis. It will be a somewhat. The purpose is to position Bulgaria on. Something we did in when Bulgaria joined the EU as we were willing to present the new opportunities for US business in an enlarged EU.
We are doing the same this time, too — with their good business practices and experience US companies such as AES, Kraft, Hewlett-Packard and other IT ones can present to their peers in the US the conditions of doing business in Bulgaria.
In Chicago we want to draw attention to industry and the. The US business sees opportunities for development in all these sectors. I have repeated more than once emblematic examples such as AES, which began with conventional energy generation and then proceeded with renewable energy sources; Kraft, which These companies come to show how it is possible to make a breakthrough on the Bulgarian market, position themselves and find a niche for development.
They intend to stay here and expand their business in neighbouring countries. The latter is also an example of what one can do in Bulgaria, viewing neighbouring markets at the same time. We are yet to see what the attitudes of the new companies we will meet in the four cities in May would be. In we had an undoubted success. This year we hope for much more goods news from the US.
Which are the sectors where the US companies see a potential and intend to make investments in the coming months? The sectors in where they see a potential are the classic ones and they have been investing in them — IT, energy, outsourcing. Last month Enel sold the Maritsa 3 thermoelectric power plant to a US company, which shows that interest in energy and renewable energy sources is mounting. A very big US company is studying the outsourcing opportunities in the region. Bulgaria, along with Slovakia, is in their shortlist.
I will not name the company but it began as a call and servicing centre with about employees and now the jobs created tend to exceed It is interesting to see what the government will do. Firstly, will it clearly show what the Bulgarian priorities are and, secondly, what incentives would it provide for the investors.
It is true that we are the country with the lowest tax rates but it is a myth that investors come only for it. We propose to focus on things that will make our tax policy. One thing that should improve is the operation of the tax administration and the application of tax laws. If the government identifies the priorities and improves the business climate, Bulgaria will have a better chance to be preferred over the other countries in the short list.
This means that the education system and, first of all, the higher education schools are to produce quality professionals of whom the business and Bulgaria are in need. And the available personnel should be given the opportunity to improve themselves, to upgrade their knowledge and skills. In general, foreign businesses are looking for highly qualified personnel. It is a myth that Bulgaria can attract investors with cheap labour.
We cannot compete with countries like India and China. But it is of vital importance to channel the European funds to education or retraining. A lot of incentives can be provided for companies for this purpose or can be transferred to the students graduating from universities to further improve their qualifications.
Raising the level, you become competitive right away. The driver of economic growth is the human resource. And money should be invested in it. Could Bulgaria have pulled out of the crisis faster and more cleverly? This could have hardly happened; the situation worldwide was very grave. It is good we have kept tax rates at the lowest possible levels compared to other countries in the EU.
As Finance Minister Simeon Djankov admitted, reforms could have been accomplished in two spheres — in health care and education. Do you think that the business in Bulgaria managed to restructure itself successfully during the crisis?
Maybe an analysis of the business should be made — some businesses managed to do it, others did not. Ideal Standard can serve as an example in this respect. American Standard sold it but the company was purchased by another big US fund. The restructuring was implemented in a different way at many companies. Some reduced their branches abroad which had an effect not only on Bulgaria but on the whole world.
The events in Japan will have a global effect, they will affect everybody. Until recently the second economic power in the world, now the country is suffering such blows that cannot but have an effect on the rest of the world. Will all of this be critical for the investments of US companies? Will it be vitally important for US companies where exactly their investments are made?
We have got to go a long way before ours becomes such a country, paying special attention to education. At the moment, there are a lot of examples of companies which maintain the level of their employees very high, and they are not only US companies, there are a few Bulgarian ones, too. We will continue to be in the focus of the technological companies that want to cooperate with or develop their business in Bulgaria. We are very sorry for what happened in Japan. The Board will consider carefully and concretely how to really help Japan.
The American Chamber of Commerce in Washington has several comprehensive programmes. The large US companies immediately provided millions of dollars for various actions.
From a purely human point of view what is happening in Japan is From the point of view of economy, the American and the world businesses are closely related to the Japanese one and the crisis there will have global effects. However, Japan has provoked to the greatest degree the problems of security of nuclear power generation.
Bulgaria should obey the decisions of the EU rather than unclear solo actions. Second by importance is the question of renewable energy sources which are the future of energy security and independence. And the third and may be most important thing is that depending on how the question of the second nuclear power plant is resolved, foreign investors will make their conclusions as to whether Bulgaria acts within the common rules and policies of the EU and to what extent there is a transparent decision making process.
What projects and initiatives for facilitating the business could be expected from AmCham this year? After the business Road Show we want to continue with the outsourcing and energy. We want to expand cooperation with the neighbouring countries and other states. The AmChams in Europe hold such meetings annually.
Two reports were presented at the meeting: The team studies the investments, innovations, labour force, trade, etc. Based on the report, a lot of conclusions are made in respect to the level and. When they see that we have this cooperation and movement between our business and the busi-. Maintaining relations, the chambers [of commerce] may serve as a fast information bridge.
They can show to the US business willing to enter Bulgaria that there are opportunities not only here but in the neighbouring countries too, which is a strong argument to attract investors. Congressional investigators have determined that his lawyers easily established dummy companies in the US to mask tens of millions of dollars that, according to a four-yearold Justice Department memo, the Obiang family mostly looted from the government, sharing none of its wealth with the , people they rule.
Even the Libyan crackdown seems a bit suspect. After all, the US has believed for years that Qaddafi and his family were misappropriating billions of dollars from the government and sending some of it off to the United States.
The Obama administration is criticised by anticorruption activists for doing little to change that, despite the presi-. Palmer says the US deserved praise for its recent rhetoric and for its relatively stiff antibribery laws. Last July, Attorney General Eric Holder announced the creation of an anti-kleptocracy unit at the Justice Department to search for the ill-gotten wealth of despots.
Although it has not moved to freeze the. In a research paper, Sharman, the Australian scholar, found that he could set up an anonymous shell company in the United States over the Internet with little money upfront and a few clicks on his keyboard.
According to the Washington publicrelations firm that speaks for Equatorial Guinea, Teodoro remains free to come and go albeit not on the superyacht, which the firm now says he has decided not to build.
Other antigraft laws already on the books are rarely enforced—notably one passed during the Bush administration that allows the State.
So long as the oil keeps flowing, it seems, the Obiang family—and its loot—have a home on American shores. The Impact of the Highly Improbable. By The blue voice Risk calculations involve not only the likelihood of doing well versus doing poorly, but also assumptions about what those are likely to mean. Consumers make such assumptions, with varying degrees of consciousness and care in evaluation, when buying insurance.
For the homeowner far from an earthquake zone, an earthquake would be a "black swan" event, i. A big challenge with nuclear power risk calculations is that while the risk of a catastrophic event can be greatly mitigated, the effects of a catastrophic event occurring can be huge. This affects the economics of nuclear power because even unlikely risks impose significant costs in terms of safety features that have to be built into nuclear power plants.
That factor is largely responsible for the wildly optimistic expectations in the s worldwide that nuclear energy could provide cheap and abundant power. Many countries are likely to rely on nuclear energy for decades to come even in the best of circumstances.
Oil companies can use an increased public perception of nuclear plant risks to promote the promise of cheap oil via further deregulation of their drilling onshore and offshore. But the risks or real. And the public should demand that regulators take full account of them. The firm modeled different earthquake parameters and came up with an estimated loss range of 1. The estimates account for insured physical damage to property such as homes and commercial and industrial buildings and their contents, as well as direct losses from business interruption.
AIR Worldwide said the estimates are only for damage caused by the massive earthquake that shook Japan and the ensuing tsunami. The Japanese disaster has led some energy officials in the United States and in advanced European nations to think twice about nuclear expansion. And if a huge release of radiation worsens the crisis, even big developing nations might reconsider their. But for now, while acknowledging the need for safety, they say their unmet energy needs give them little choice but to continue investing in nuclear power.
Across the Middle East, countries have been racing to build up nuclear power, as a growth and population boom has created unprecedented demand for energy, and as Iran forges ahead with the Bushehr nuclear facility.
Gulf is an enclosed sea, planners say there is little threat of a tsunami in the event of an earthquake. Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Egypt are all also studying nuclear energy, and even oil-rich Saudi Arabia is considering a nuclear-powered city.
Most plants would be placed in seismically stable areas, although one planned by Jordan at the Red Sea port of Aqaba is on a major faultline. Turkey said it would move ahead with plans for two nuclear plants, including one that may use Japanese nuclear technology from the Tokyo Electric Power Company and Toshiba.
Numerous geological faultlines cross the country. But analysts said the Japan crisis was unlikely to stir up significantly more public protest against nuclear plants, given the pressing demand for more electricity. Japan and Egypt — the exchanges of two different worlds Two stock exchanges with a pedigree going back more than years, each one of the oldest in its part of the world. Atsushi Saito, head of the Tokyo Stock Exchange told CNBC that the market would only shut if more than 20 percent of the participants are unable to trade.
Under such circumstances the TSE believes the market would become unfair. Tokyo's Nikkei average saw a fifth of its value wiped out after a magnitude 9. It has finally re-opened after plenty of false starts but trading was suspended after just a few moments, as circuit breakers set in place to avoid too steep falls in stocks kicked in when its broad EGX index fell more than 10 percent.
However, trading on the Egyptian Stock Exchange was halted on January 27th, two days after protestors took to the streets starting a rebellion that brought an end to president. In sharp contrast, the Tokyo exchange has withstood the triple onslaught of an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis with minimal damage to its reputation. Saito also shot down the suggestion that shortened trading hours could help cope with the shortage of electricity that has been plaguing Tokyo since the earthquake.
If stocks move 10 percent, trading will close for the rest of the session, according to Abdelsalam. While the challenge before the Egyptian exchange is to restore investor confidence by first insuring a glitch-.
Economists have been searching the Kobe earthquake for clues as to how the Japanese economy and its equity markets will fare. Japanese equities lost 25 percent in the six months after the Kobe quake, but as CNBC's Tokyo bureau chief points out, blue chip companies in Japan are about three to four times more profitable now than they were in the mids. Debbie Ash cal prophecy concerning its role in current and future events. Too quickly we forget that it is a primary player in much of the Bible's coverage of the Middle East in general, Israel in particular.
So, it would seem to behoove us to take the recent developments in Egypt very seriously. After all, some of the final events leading up to the return of Christ involve Egypt. If we are going to do that, we need to understand some fundamental facts about that country. Most Christians tend to lump all Middle Eastern Muslim countries into one mold. And that includes Egypt, the object of recent political developments. As a result of such equating, we assume that first, Egypt is an enemy to Israel and America just like Syria, Iran, the Hezbollah, Hamas, and others.
Secondly, we are prone to think of the nation as a "lost cause" to radical Islam particularly because of the notorious Muslim Brotherhood from which so many militant radical Islamists have come. Finally, we are prone to overlook both Egypt's ancient history and also bibli-. Egypt is not really an Arab nation, although it has a high population of Arabs living there. You'd be surprised at how many people don't understand this.
Egypt is in the lineage of Noah's eldest son, Shem, from which the word "Shemite" is derived. Rather Egyptians are descendants of the lineage of Noah's youngest son, Ham. Israelites are direct descendants of Abraham and Sarah through Isaac. Additionally, you find a second division two generations later when Isaac, the father of twin boys, blesses Jacob later known as Israel after his failed wrestling match with the "Angel of the Lord" and Esau, who was the progenitor of the Edomites.
Egyptians are known in ancient history as Mitzrayim. Therefore, it is an important mistake to identify Egyptians as Arabs, even though hundreds of thousands of Arabs now live there. Interestingly, there is not only a difference ethnically, but also dispositionally.
Additionally, Arab nations are historically more of a nomadic desert people in lifestyle, while Egyptians are historically less nomadic and more prone to localize along the Mediterranean coast and the Nile River. Actually, no nation is Muslim by nature.
Islam is, first and foremost, a religion that was birthed in the Arab land of Arabia, now known as Saudi Arabia, and through militant and often violent conquest, other regionswere conquered by Muslim adherents. Arab forces invaded Egypt in By , after the surrender of Alexandria, the whole country came under Muslim rule. However, militant violence was tempered by Amr, Egypt's first Muslim ruler. During the First Century, when Christianity quickly developed into a major religion across the Roman Empire - Cairo, Alexandria, and other major cities became strong centers of Christianity.
Even today you can go to Coptic and Catholic monasteries and similar centers in places even like the Sinai Peninsula. Then, certainly by the early part of the First Century, Christianity was also a strong influence. It was not until some years later, that Islam penetrated into Egyptian culture.
Egypt has a very special place because of it's past relationship with the nation of Israel. First, it was Egypt's Pharaoh who welcomed Abram and Sarai into his. Abram left Egypt a far wealthier man than when he arrived. Second, an Egyptian leadership that found favor with a slave boy betrayed by his own brothers, and, seeing righteousness and honesty in his heart, progressively promoted him to the second highest position of governing authority in the land, and Pharaoh's right hand man.
Joseph had absolute uncontested authority over all Egyptian officials except Pharaoh himself. Third, it was Egypt's Pharaoh who was compassionate toward Jewish Israel and his family during a time of great drought and hardship, welcoming them into his land where there was plenty, even designating some of the most fertile soil of the Nile's delta to become their home for as long as they wished.
Likewise, Egypt also frequently became a safe haven for Jewish people during times when Israel was being invaded by foreign powers. Jewish soldiers even provided military assistance to Egypt's armies at times. For example, there was a contingency of Jewish soldiers stationed in Egypt as part of a frontier garrison for the Achaemenid Empire around B.
They provided military assistance for Pharaoh Psammetichus I in his Nubian campaign. Then Egypt fought against Israel in during the Suez Canal crisis, and prepared to launch a major offensive against Israel in the Six Day War in that was thwarted by Israel's preemptive attack that literally decimated Egypt's air force and army, and then fought again in the Yom Kippur War. In the first two cases they were routed, and the Yom Kippur War cost Egypt dearly even though it did not see Israel coming out as the decisive victor.
Even during those years of adversarial relationship with Israel, Egypt's military were sending pilots and other personnel to Israel's strongest supporter, the United States, for training. All along they knew full well that America was absolutely Israel's strongest ally. Finally, in spite of his severe dictatorship style, Egypt's President Mubarak faithfully maintained the Camp David Peace Accord for 30 years following President Sadat's assassination, but he also outlawed the renegade Muslim Brotherhood that is committed to Israel's eradicationand brought strong protection for Israel.
In a nutshell, there is something humanly unexplainable about the relationship between Egypt and Israel and between Egypt and other Muslim countries. And, it is highly probable that what happened a few weeks ago in Egypt is far, far, far more significant than we see at this time.
Only time will tell. What the world is going to look like in The result is a wave of developments that look like something out of science fiction. Many of these buildings run entirely on solar or wind power.
Some cities aim to have zero waste and carbon emission. Achievement of this would mean banning cars and replacing them with pod-like underground transit systems, making our world look like a page from a Jules Verne novel.
Public Bridge level marvel. Pedestrians and cyclists can leisurely cross the car-free bridge, and boats can dock at the base. Oh, and since the span is named after the renowned Korean video artist, expect the bridge to serve as a canvas for art installations. Construction is tentatively scheduled to begin in Masdar City, Abu Dhabi: Sustainability Eco-warriors, meet Mecca: The city will be powered by solar and.
A perimeter wall surrounding Masdar will keep desert winds at bay, while shaded streets combat the blazing sun. Some systems are already operational, but the city will come online fully in approximately In the former Galleria at Erieview mall, a project dubbed Gardens Under Glass is helping the mall morph into a greenhouse. Here, farmland and forest have been bulldozed to create an industrial zone dubbed the Solar Valley. More than 50, bright-red bikes, equipped with baskets and bells, have.
Borrowing a bike is simple: After decades of building bland, blocky social housing in its banlieues the outskirts of a city , Paris has started commissioning cutting-edge architects to re-create public housing within the city proper. In the trendy Seventh Arrondissement, the modern Rue Saint Dominique Social Housing project stands apart with its Lego-like design, varied window openings, and exterior walls decorated with ornamental gold flakes. Leave it to the French to make public housing sexy.
In most metropolises, walking is faster than taking the cross-town public bus. Not so in Curitiba. In the s, city planners examined their growing town and, to curtail congestion, implemented a comprehensive public-transportation scheme: To speed up loading of. The frequently arriving fleet speeds down dedicated streets unimpeded. When the skyline-defining mixed-use building is finished in , it will feature a blend of offices, apartments, fine-dining restaurants, and a luxury hotel—just in time to welcome visitors for the Olympics.
And few bonus innovations for urban living: To help reinvent down-on-its-luck Detroit, millionaire John Hantz has purchased hundreds of acres of abandoned land and decided to create the biggest urban farm in the world. In the future, Hantz Farms hopes to expand to hydroponics growing plants in mineral-rice water , aeroponics growing plants in the air without soil , and aquaculture fish farming.
Thanks to sunken pillars, the threesquare-mile development would float over Tokyo Bay, incorporate more than 50 pyramid structures, and feature skyscrapers suspended from the hollow exoskeleton. Power would come from a photovoltaic film that would coat the structure, or fuel cells powered by algae. The estimated , inhabitants would travel around via Personal Rapid Transit pods.
Too good to be true? The space-age, lightweight materials required to build the pyramid are still being developed. To dissuade Amsterdam drivers from cruising around in gas guzzlers, the city has embarked on a far-reaching plan to make owning an electric vehicle a snap.
Amsterdam has begun installing a network of several hundred charging stations for boats, mopeds, scooters, and cars—hopefully.
Forest and grasslands would enable farming and livestock cultiva-. Sounds unbelievable but not to Dr. It will adjust itself to the sun, wind, weather and views by rotating each floor separately. This building will never appear exactly the same twice. It is amazing but you will have the choice of waking up to sunrise in your bedroom and enjoying sunsets over the ocean at dinner.
The Dynamic Architecture building, which will be constantly in motion changing its shape, will be able to generate electric energy for itself as well as for other buildings. Fortyeight wind turbines fitted between Still there will be 40 free turbines, good enough to supply power for five skyscrapers of the same size. Each turbine can produce 0. The Dynamic Architecture tower in Dubai will be having apartments and hence four turbines can take care of their energy needs. The surplus clean energy produced by the remaining 44 turbines can light up the neighborhood of the building.
The horizontal turbines of the Dynamic Architecture building are simply inserted between the floors, practically invisible. They neither need a pole nor a concrete foundation. In addition, they are at zero distance. The modern design of the building and the carbon fiber special shape of the wings take care of the acoustics issues. Producing that much electric energy without any implication on the aesthetic aspect of the building is a revolutionary step in tapping alternative energy sources.
Furthermore, this energy will have a positive impact on the environment and economy. The Wind Racer Pioneering spirit and German high-technology make a dream come true. Extreme sportsmen Dirk Gion and Stefan Simmerer achieve three world records during their roughly km trip in southern Australia. Their success was driven by lithium-ion batteries and lightweight construction ans total electricity cost for the entire trip was only 10 Euro.
A dream has come true," commented German extreme sportsmen Dirk Gion and Stefan Simmerer at the end of their two-and-a-half week pioneering trip across Australia.
The two piloted the Wind Explorer www. The first time a continent had been crossed by a vehicle powered by wind, the longest overall distance covered by an exclusively wind-pow-. It shows what pioneering spirit and German hightechnology are capable of.
The Wind Explorer was powered by lithium-ion batteries, recharged by a portable wind turbine whenever wind conditions permitted. When the battery is empty, the pilots can recharge them via a portable wind turbine, if wind conditions allow, or via the conventional power network. It takes half an hour to erect the turbine and six-meter high telescopic mast made of bamboo. In addition to wind power, the Wind Explorer can be driven by kites.
In this way, the lightweight vehicle reached speeds of around 80 kph as it crossed the states of Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. Gion and Simmerer came up with the idea for this record-breaking trip last summer. This industrial company provided the materials for the lightweight bodywork and the.
But it is already reality," said Gion. For the first km to Nullarbor Plain the Wind Explorer was driven entirely by electric power. Strong winds then Finally the Wind Explorer achieved its best daily performance, covering km.
The record trip from Albany to Sydney was not the first feat by Gion and Simmerer. In Simmerer was the first person to cross Chang Tang, the Tibetan high plateau, and climb Zangser Kangri 6, meters. He has since led expeditions in South America, Africa and Kamchatka.
Competition is particularly tough in the automotive sector, which is increasingly turning its attention to electric and hybrid vehicles. New lightweight materials such as Ro-. However, the race for tomorrow's technology to power electric vehicles will be won principally by expertise in batteries. International Week is an exchange programme organised by students for students. It takes place annually in all leading business universities in Europe and other parts of the world such as Uppsala University, University of Gothenburg, Copenhagen Business School, Rotterdam University, University of St.
Gallen, University of Cologne, Vienna University of Economics and Business, altogether 28 universities in 24 countries. During the International Week the participants will have the opportunity to get acquainted with Bulgarian economy, culture and history and. The event is targeted at students studying business and economics and aims at developing their communication and intercultural team work skills.
Among the prime objectives of the event is to make international students familiar with the business environment at home and the highlights are a company visit as well as lectures and seminars on business and economics topics. An essential part of the event is sightseeing in one of the oldest cities in Europe and a class in Bulgarian national dances. For contacts and more information: The focus was on education, and more specifically professional education.
This was a very long term LT vision needing at least a generation to unfold properly. It gives rise to a long list of questions relating to the short ST and medium MT term steps that need to be made to steer us in the right direction. The very short answer, which should ideally be at the end of this piece, is. Three major, structural elements. A lack of hierarchy, a lack of saturation of information as yet and a social acceptance of the fact that we have a lot of catching up to do with the rest of the world.
Bulgaria is the perfect platform for such grandiose visions. I would never suggest such an idea in Britain or the US simply because there is no pragmatic way to realistically achieve the goal. Bulgaria, as well all know, is very different to Britain and the This drive is chronically lacking in a country like Britain in its own right also has a lot of ground to cover. While Britain is complacent, Bulgaria is anxious. It is hungry; pretty much starving for change and this hunger extends to the consideration of revolutionary ideas.
Of course there is a lot of information being disseminated but in pure volume it does not compare to countries like the US. In rather crude terms this means that it is more likely than an idea, good or bad, has a better chance of standing out in Bulgaria than it does in the States.
It has a higher likeliness of being noticed by the public. Combine that with a small population and you have a highly effective system in disguise. I say in disguise because if you try to work with Bulgaria as you would.
If you realise its peculiarities and understand how important the personal element is you will appreciate that the paths to reaching key decision makers are far shorter and less cluttered than they are in other countries. Put all of this together and you have an environment hungry for new ideas, a short route to kick-start those ideas and ability for them to be noticed and embraced by the public imagination.
This is the mechanism which can carry the ST into the long run goal. In the short run we need to inspire private initiative. If it is clear that there is personal and public economic benefit in a focus on education it will draw private initiative. In other words, if people think they can make money out of it, they will give it a try. Thankfully there is incredible economic potential in this field.
A criticism of my vision is that it sounds very outdated: My answer to this is that everything has a time and a place. Currently there is a great potential in developing online education, education 2. We are really at the beginning of this revolution and now is the gold rush moment where capital as well as enthusiasm flood into the field attempting to exploit every niche. But this moment will pass and rationality will return. Eventually a mature field of online education will complement, not replace, traditional onsite education.
Our total capacity to learn will have to increase exponentially over the coming decades and this refined blend of online and onsite education will be key to maximising our potential. Every qualified teacher would be able to add to and develop the platform and every student would have direct and free access to the materials. In addition there is the potential to add a second dialogue element to the system which can drastically increase educational effectiveness: Indirectly such a project would stimulate all young people in Bulgaria to think more progressively about their education.
It would show them just how many opportunities to enrich their education exist and this would feed back into the system resulting in ever-larger pro-education focused population. Likewise such a platform would create income supplementing opportunities for thousands of teachers and teaching professionals unlike the current system which benefits at most a few hundred individuals involved in writing textbooks.
This is one simple example. A systematic process of breaking down medical terms into their component parts allows readers to comprehend the root medical concepts and apply critical thinking skills when faced with new and unfamiliar medical terminology.
Chapters progress from basic terminology related to anatomical positioning to body systems, and then to species- specific terminology. Case studies exemplify how medical terminology would be experienced in an actual veterinary practice. Cardiology of the Horse is a multi-author, contemporary reference on equine cardiology. The first section reviews the physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology of the equine cardiovascular system.
The second section describes diagnostic methods from basic to specialist examination skills and the third section addresses the investigation and management of common clinical problems using a problem-orientated approach. CDR 39 Leptospirosis and pasteurellosis [Text: This book covers several aspects of leptospirosis and pasteurellosis and highlights their importance as occupational health hazards in pet owners and as a public health issue for urban communities.
An introduction to bacterial zoonoses with emergent and reemergent potential is provided in the first part of this book.